What is Physical Education?

There is a grave difference between Physical Education, Physical Activity, & Athletics.

The intent of Physical Education is to help students learn the skills necessary for performing a variety of physical activities and understand the benefits of achieving and maintaining a physically active Lifestyle.

Physical Education is defined as:

A planned, sequential program of curricula and instruction that helps students develop the knowledge, attitudes, motor skills, self-management skills, and confidence needed to adopt and maintain a physically active and healthy Lifestyle.

Physical Education programs are the ONE place that:

- ALL children can participate in regular physical activity

- ALL children can become physically educated for a Lifetime of physical activity

PHYSICAL EDUCATION SHOULD BE TREATED WITH THE SAME LEVEL OF PROFESSIONAL CONCERN AS OTHER ESSENTIAL ACADEMIC DISCIPLINES AND LEARNING ENVIRONMENTS..

A Quality Physical Education program includes:

Curriculum

Curriculum that aligns with state learning standards and outcomes for Health & Physical Education

Actual PE Teacher

Curriculum is taught by a certified Health and Physical Education teacher

Ample OTRs & Equipment

Appropriate time and space for students to learn and practice skills with appropriate supplies

Instruction & Assessment

Instruction and assessment in the cognitive, affective, and psychomotor domains

What is NOT Physical Education?

ATHLETICS

Athletics is defined as an active sport that requires physical exertion and competition and involves a contest between athletes.  While athletics typically focuses on one sport, Physical Education will teach knowledge of skills and concepts necessary for safe and healthy Living and in turn, for successful learning.  Athletics are optional and does not promote participation by ALL students.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY

Physical activity is defined by the Center of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) as any bodily movement produced by the contraction of skeletal muscles resulting in energy expenditure

RECESS

Recess provides unstructured play opportunities that allow children to engage in physical activities, however as normally provided, it cannot be used to meet the requirement of an average of 100 instructional minutes per week of Physical Education

EXERCISE

Exercise is a subset of physical activity that is planned, structured, and repetitive, and is done to improve or maintain physical fitness

Why is Physical Education essential?

  • Inactivity is the leading cause of preventable death.
  • ​Physical activity and exercise is the application of what is learned in Physical Education class.
  • Quality Physical Education programs are important because they provide learning experiences that meet children's developmental needs, which in turn helps to improve mental alertness, academic performance, and enthusiasm for learning.
  • In the same way that exercise benefits the muscles, heart, lungs, and bones, it also strengthens key areas of the brain.
  • Children in daily physical activity have shown superior academic performance and more positive attitudes towards school.
  • A well-designed Physical Education program will promote a Lifelong physically active Lifestyle that can enhance longevity and Quality of Life.
  • All above information can be found by clicking this link for Washington OSPI website

What is Adapted PE?

13GEM Adpated PE

     This program is designed for students with physical, cognitive, and social-emotional adaptive needs.  It is important to note that the Adapted  PE program is based on the Least Restrictive Environment (LRE) philosophy that adaptive students should be in the most authentic learning environment ALONGSIDE their mainstream peers, not separate. However, adaptations of the learning environment will be made to provide any student with any needs to create a constructive Physical Education environment. Each child will be challenged to grow physically, cognitively, socially, and emotionally throughout the course.  Students are separated to the least degree possible; any skill differentiation is dictated by safety measures rather than performance, skill, or expectations.

Adapted PE Motto

Physical Adaptive Needs

Our focus would be on teaching modified forms of skills as needed while learning how to execute strategies using current circumstances

 Ex: A student in a wheelchair may need to modify the distance throwing form for a Frisbee; however, the mechanics of catching a Frisbee require no modification.  A major focus would be on learning how to manipulate the wheelchair well enough to intercept Frisbee trajectories to be in the best position to make a catch.  Also, learning how to manipulate the wheelchair to get open on offense and play space on defense would be another major focus.  So in reality, there are very few accommodations necessary for a student in a wheelchair to play Ultimate Frisbee

 Ex:  And the same principle applies to crutches, braced legs, motorized chairs, walkers, etc.  All students can learn how to move themselves into the best position to succeed, then the magic of this class is in helping each student achieve that success.

Cognitive Adapted Needs

 Our focus would be to modify the learning environment by adapting the information flow and processing demands for each student while providing just enough of a challenge to facilitate growth in all domains.

Ex:  A student on the Autism spectrum may be taught in a mostly static environment and if necessary solo activities to build skills and a proper comfort level with the Physical Education environment.  Information flow and processing demands would increase proportionally to growth until the student has acquired all of the skills and knowledge necessary to participate in a full game with all peers.  Whereas a student may enter the class barely able to look anyone in the eye and/or “play catch” with anyone; through our LRE philosophy, our “We will find a way!” motto, and our team of gifted and passionate PE Teachers, each student will developed the untapped potential of moving and playing with any and all of their friends!


   Ex:  A student with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is perfect for this program.  We aim to harness that raw and often unguided energy into play, learning, pro-social behaviors, and positive health benefits.  The child who won’t sit still or relax will learn how to harness that energy through the Physical Education learning environment.  The primary adaptive need for students with ADHD would be to learn how to control and harness themselves- when to let that energy flow and when to hold it back- as well as constructive methods of achieving both of those aims.

Social-Emotional Adaptive Needs

     Our focus would be to provide a supportive and constructive learning environment devoid of win/lose, but focused on self-improvement as the standard of success.  Group activities and games that require communication, collaboration, and teamwork to succeed will build and reinforce pro-social behaviors.  Social skills between teams and healthy competition is taught because literally nothing is won or lost in this program except for one’s perception of win or lose.  After games this typical conversation usually takes place between teacher and students which will help illustrate our philosophy and what we are trying to convey to these students:


Students: “Who won?”  “What was the score?”

Teacher: “Did you have fun?”

Students: “YES!!”

Teacher: “Then it sounds like you won to me.”


     No score is kept, the only goal is to have fun, enjoy friendship, share the ball (implement), get some exercise, and gain some knowledge.  This is an achievable goal for all students regardless of social-emotional challenges.

     Ex: A student with Asperger’s Syndrome would be placed into a multitude of social situations- partners, triads, quads, small groups, teammates, opponents, part of a mass, etc.  Each social situation will occur in a myriad of activities with multitudes of objectives.  The challenge for a student with Asperger’s would be to learn how to adapt and socialize to each situation.  The key to our social-emotional program is that we don’t teach “proper” behaviors, we teach how to recognize social context.


     For example within the example: a student screaming at the top of his/her lungs is in actuality a neutral event; what makes it positive or negative is the social context in which it occurs.  Screaming at the top of his/her lungs in a movie theater would be a negative social manifestation of the behavior of screaming.  However, screaming (for joy) as another student chases him/her in a game of tag is perfectly acceptable.  The screaming isn’t inherently “bad”, it is the context in which that behavior manifests that matters.  This is the principle that we work to convey to all students in our program, but especially to our social-emotional adaptive PE students.